Root canal treatment is carried out when the network of nerves and blood vessels, known as the pulp, become damaged. Tooth pulp infection may occur due to tooth decay, a dental abscess or an oral injury where a tooth is damaged. In such cases, root canal treatment may be necessary to remove the decayed pulp tissue, seal the inner tooth and restore the tooth structure to good health.
Root canal surgery is used to clear oral infection, prevent tooth loss and protect the body from infection. Incessant toothache is a sign that dental pulp infection may be present.
In some cases, the tooth may be so damaged that tooth extraction is necessary. Patients then have a range of choices to replace the missing tooth, such as a crown, bridge or dental implants.
Root canal treatment procedures
Initially, an oral examination is done with dental X-rays or imaging to identify the extent of dental damage and oral infection. During the operation, patients are given a local anaesthetic for pain-free treatment.
Surgical instruments are used to remove infected tooth pulp from the root canal and tooth. A special dental fluid is then used to wash the root canal and tooth out, removing all tissue and debris so that the site is clean and ready to be sealed. Dental filler is used to seal the treated tooth before a tooth restoration, such as a dental filling or crown, is fitted.
The ‘root’ to recovery
For a week after treatment, patients should avoid biting on the site. Initially, painkillers may be used to treat any discomfort. Once the tooth is restored with a permanent dental restoration, there should be no pain. Teeth cleaning and dental check-ups should continue as normal. If you think you would like a check-up for oral infection please contact the team at the 24-Hour Emergency Dentist in the city of London.